Teacher References:  Hebrews 11:4; Genesis 4:3,4; Leviticus 17:11; Proverbs 14:12; Genesis 22:1-13; John 3:16




Gen 4:3           “…Cain brought of the fruit of the ground (world) an offering unto the Lord.”


Gen 3:17         We read “…cursed is the ground for thy sake;…”.  I am sure that Adam had explained to his sons that the ground was cursed!


Comment        In direct disobedience Cain offers the fruit of the ground for his sins!  (Pride was involved!  One of the ways we know this was when the Lord didn’t have respect unto his sacrifice, he was filled with envy and killed his brother).




Gen 4:4           And Abel, he also brought of the FIRSTLINGS of his (Abel’s) FLOCK, an offering.

                        And the Lord had respect unto Abel’s offering.  (In the little lamb was found innocence, beauty and purity).


Now the Shadows and the Mystery begin in Earnest!


1)      The true offering had to be the firstling of Abel’s flock.  As Jesus was the firstling of God’s flock.  (Stripes, crown of thorns, nails, spear)

2)      Abel’s offering had to be killed, as Jesus was crucified on Calvary.

3)      The blood of the firstling of the flock had to be shed.  The precious BLOOD OFJESUS had to be shed for our sins.  (Once and for all)

4)      With every sacrifice there had to be a death of the flesh.  The only difference of the sacrifice of our Lord Jesus was He died and rose again from the dead, that we might live!

5)      As the mystery of God is now fulfilled in us, which is, “Christ in you the (your) hope of glory”. We must die in the flesh while we live and present our bodies a living sacrifice Romans 12:1, that Jesus might again live on the earth in us to finish His work!  (Jesus conquered death for us.  We are a living sacrifice because we must give our will up not following our own ways but God’s.  Which is contrary to what we desire.  Paul said, “These things I want to do I do not”)


Two Outstanding Shadows


Gen 22:1-13    1) Abraham offers his only son Isaac on the altar.  (Abraham trusted in the Lord more than his feelings for his only son)

                        2) Israel delivered out of Egypt by the Passover lamb.  (It was through the blood they escaped judgment – it was not for the Egyptians alone but for Israel also.  The blood to cover).


Lesson 9 – Cain and Abel





Finally              The Shadow fulfilled


John 3:16        “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.”

                        (This was to be the greatest and last blood sacrifice.  Now we are free from sin through faith in Jesus)


Summary        1)    a. Why was Cain’s offering so different from Abel’s?

                                b. How does this relate today?

                        2) How does Jesus relate to Abel’s sacrifice and not Cain’s?